The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French Mastiff breed. They are one of the most ancient French dog breeds and a very powerful dog, with a very muscular body. Bordeaux Dogs are well balanced, muscular and massive with a powerful build. Bordeaux Mastiffs jobs range from pulling carts and hauling heavy objects, to guarding flocks. Historically they guarded the castles of the European elite.
The Dogue de Bordeaux was known particularly in southern France in the region around Bordeaux as early as the fourteenth century, hence it’s name. Characteristics of purity of the breed are a self colored (pink) nose, lighter eye color (dark amber), and red mask. This type of Breed is considered a Molosser and is a category of solidly-built, large dog breeds that all descend from the same common ancestor.
The Weight of a Male can be up to 150 lb (68 kg)+, the Female can be up to 125 lb (57 kg)+. The Height of a Male is around 23.5–27 in (60–69 cm), the Female stands around 23–26 in (58–66 cm). A Dogue de Bordeaux’s Coat is fine, short and soft to the touch. Proof of Purity of the French Bordeaux is in the color. All shades of fawn, from a dark red fawn to a light fawn. A rich coat color is considered desirable. Limited white patches are permissible on the chest and the extremities of the limbs. They generally produce a Litter size ranging in average of 8 pups. These dogs tend to have a relative short Life span of an average 5-8 years.
The Dogue de Bordeaux was once classified into three varieties, the Parisian, the Toulouse and the Bordeaux, types which were bred depending on the region of France and the jobs it was required to do. The ancestral Dogue de Bordeaux had various coat colors, such as brindle and a majority of white markings that carried fully up the legs. It had scissor bites in some regions, undershot in others; a big head or a small head, a large body or a small body; very inconsistent in type. Another controversial aspect was the mask, red (brown), none or black. The Dogue de Bordeaux of Bordeaux of the time also sported cropped ears. Regardless, it had a general type similar to today’s Dogue de Bordeaux. – wikipedia